At her death in 1558 came his half sister, the daughter of Enrique y Ana Bolena, who ascended the throne with the name Isabel I and was baptized by his subjects as the Virgin Queen. Catholics, who chased considered illegitimate as illegitimate. This was the origin of the long religious struggles that resulted in the exile of the persecuted to the colonies of America, since it allowed faith depended on the discretion of the monarchs of the day. Credit: MP for Northampton North-2011. (6) It is the nearest representative of despotism in England by its intolerance and the rigor with which took its decisions. However his popularity was rising to defend the commercial interests of the middle class, became the precursor of the maritime power English to promote the construction of warships and merchant ships. It was ally of Emperor Carlos I of Spain in a principle and devout Catholic, but then he allied himself with Francisco I of France to confront the first giving beginning to an intermittent struggle which runs for almost three centuries. (7) The estrangement occurred as a result of a sentimental event. Henry VIII was married to Catherine of Aragon, sister of Juana La Loca, daughter of the Catholic monarchs and aunt of the Emperor Carlos V of Germany and I of Spain.
Catherine had formerly been the wife of his brother Arturo already dead, so being widowed, had obtained dispensation from the Pope to the remarriage. Being married to Catalina, Enrique VIII became enamored of a courtesan named Ana Bolena and attempt the Pope annulled their marriage, knowing an antecedent in the King of France. But Clement VII, the head of the Catholic Church was reticent in his response to avoid a possible dispute. But Enrique by Ana obsession was stronger and the lack of papal response was the trigger so that the defender of the faith (title that Rome had granted in 1525 to the devout Catholic Enrique VIII for an antirreformista job in which questioned Luther) distanced the Vatican forming the new Church, by means of which were able to divorce and to marry again.