England lives in century XIX, one of the moments most important of its history. The Victorian Age, as the time is known where the Queen Victory governed England of 1837 to the 1901, is a period of great changes for the English society. The progress of sciences, the growth of the commerce and the religious questioning reflect in all the social classes.
It has, however, one strong resistance to the new. The puritanismo, the intellectual and sexual repression, is the main consequences of the effective evolutivo process. The home starts to be the sacred environment and incorruptible, the moral base of the society, where new ideas that threatened the balance and the harmony of the family could not enter. The paper of guard of the family is given to the woman, it is responsible for the tranquillity of its home, is the symbol of the moral of all a society, falls on it the responsibility to keep the reputation of the classroom which belongs. The morality of the cut and harmony of the domestic life was something that was proud the Queen deeply Victory. ‘ ‘ In England of century XIX, more necessarily in the Victorian period, the progress of sciences and the sophistication of the technique, with consequences in all the social classes, had created a propitious environment for the sprouting of a feminine type whose profile if can clearly trace. At this time, with effect, the religious questioning of pair with an indifferent evolutivo process to the social yearnings excited the necessity of if searching a break-even point between the public and the private one, a base that reflected solidity and stability. This base, of course, was the home, and as its representative chose somebody with the qualities of guard of the moral and the chastity. The requirement of an angel of the home made to be born the woman vitoriana.’ ‘ (HUNTER, 1996, p.61) the profile of the woman is delineated.