At the beginning of 1588, the King of Spain, Felipe II of Habsburg, had been maturing for some time the idea of an attack on England, nation where ruled the Virgin Queen Isabel I, espinosa relationship with the country. The project, unlike other views, was not intended in principle to punish the pirates attacks (such as Francis Drake), but to cement a Spanish religious and geo-political domain in Europe. Philip II, years ago, had already begun their attacks against Protestantism supporting resistance Irish and attacked the Netherlands, also Protestant country, putting the role of the Empire on the continent in serious trouble. However, was the execution of Maria Estuardo, the Catholic Queen of Scotland, which decided the construction of a special Navy: La Grande and Anglo Spanish Armada. In fact, preparations began 2 years ago. Worried about the success of a naval attack and landing of troops on English soil, King Felipe II consulted with different voices authorized of the era. One, of the most reputed sailor of his nation, alvaro de Bazan, Marquis of Santa Cruz, believes that shipbuilding project is not only feasible, but that given the difficult times of the English Crown, is very easy. Unfortunately for Spain, the experienced sailor dies in full preparation of the project assuming command, inexplicably, the inexperienced and disqualified marine Duke of Medina Sidonia, Mr Alonso de Guzman. Until today, is unknown because Felipe II entrusted such enormous responsibility. By then, although on one much smaller scale of what has tried to show, the assault of the English pirates already constituted an uncomfortable problem. In April 1587, the famous Francis Drake marine, Jhon Hawkins and Carlos of Effingham Howard, Earl of Nottingham and Admiral of the English Armada, carried out a successful although medium-sized expedition to Spanish lands. They attacked the Bay of Cadiz, destroyed some forts in Algarbe and pounded part of the fleet that the then Live alvaro de Bazan was anchored in Lisbon, capital of Portugal and then, vassal of Spain country.
England lives in century XIX, one of the moments most important of its history. The Victorian Age, as the time is known where the Queen Victory governed England of 1837 to the 1901, is a period of great changes for the English society. The progress of sciences, the growth of the commerce and the religious questioning reflect in all the social classes.
It has, however, one strong resistance to the new. The puritanismo, the intellectual and sexual repression, is the main consequences of the effective evolutivo process. The home starts to be the sacred environment and incorruptible, the moral base of the society, where new ideas that threatened the balance and the harmony of the family could not enter. The paper of guard of the family is given to the woman, it is responsible for the tranquillity of its home, is the symbol of the moral of all a society, falls on it the responsibility to keep the reputation of the classroom which belongs. The morality of the cut and harmony of the domestic life was something that was proud the Queen deeply Victory. ‘ ‘ In England of century XIX, more necessarily in the Victorian period, the progress of sciences and the sophistication of the technique, with consequences in all the social classes, had created a propitious environment for the sprouting of a feminine type whose profile if can clearly trace. At this time, with effect, the religious questioning of pair with an indifferent evolutivo process to the social yearnings excited the necessity of if searching a break-even point between the public and the private one, a base that reflected solidity and stability. This base, of course, was the home, and as its representative chose somebody with the qualities of guard of the moral and the chastity. The requirement of an angel of the home made to be born the woman vitoriana.’ ‘ (HUNTER, 1996, p.61) the profile of the woman is delineated.