Due to changes in temperature and, hence, can not grow in northern Europe and prepare grape wine, beer was the conquering the entire European part of the planet, first of all Czech Republic, Germany, England and Belgium. Beer in Germany Germany is considered the ancestor of the beer, as evidenced by written records of the world's oldest brewery, Weihenstephan, which started to brew their beer in 1040. Initially, the beer was brewed only monks, as evidenced by the names of German beers, whether Franziskaner (named after the Franciscan monks), or Paulaner. For monasteries beer was considered mandatory daily drink, rich in vitamins and trace elements, having a monopoly on beer production, the monks have achieved impressive results in improving the formulation and production of intoxicating drink. Recipe for beer in those days was considered a big secret, which never gone beyond the monasteries that produce beer, of which there were already more than 400 pieces. Smeknuv that beer can be made not only for themselves but also put it up for sale to ordinary people and the government, the monks begin sell beer in the vicinity of the monasteries, first on holidays, and then daily, beer boom rolled on all the German lands. With the waning influence of the church in the state is made available by the German brewing farmers and entrepreneurs in Germany are beginning to appear hundreds of private breweries. The real pride for Germany is "the law of the purity of beer, which was adopted April 23, 1516 by Duke Wilhelm iv of Bavaria and who ruled with his brother Ludwig X, which indicated that the production of beer, you can use only barley malt, hops and water (about the action of yeast in that time did not know).
Also, the law had been clearly stated requirements for water used in brewing (it should be tasty and clean) and the maximum price for beer. This Act is shared by many breweries throughout Germany and currently, the adoption of such drastic measures conditioned attempt to protect the beer from counterfeiting and adding foreign impurities, as well as maintaining the quality of intoxicating drink. Beer in the Czech Republic first mention of the beer in the Czech Republic was made in 993, after a hundred years, in 1118, the Czech land emerged first brewery. Initially, the beer can to cook only the monasteries and royal city, the Catholic Church considered intoxicating drink natural gift. But soon the whole of South Bohemia there was a small brewery each town considered it his duty to cook original exclusive beer. Brewer was a noble profession and profitable, growing competition among breweries, but the Czech Republic escaped the problems of Germany at the beginning of xvi century – the authorities have always closely monitored the quality of beer and encouraged the brewers. Until 1842 in the Czech Republic was brewed only dark beer revolution in the Czech brewing arranged Josef Groll (Josef Groll), brewer of Burger Brauerei from Pilsen, who began using beer making only light, only slightly roasted malt. The combination of Czech hops from atec, delicious Pilsen water, and pale malt gave the world a new kind of beer – Czech Pilsner.