British Empire

Thus it occurred since the origins of the capitalism in century XVI, with the overseas expansion of Portugal and Spain. In century XIX, the formation of the British Empire gave continuity to this process, and after that the conquest and settling of Africa for France, Italy, England and Germany. More recently, after the end of 2 World-wide War, the world attended the economic growth of the United States, which if became the first world-wide power, that carries through loans and financings to other nations and exports its products and companies for the world. The examples above allow to affirm that this economic and social formation possesss a vocation to conquer the planet: the fights for new markets, the magnifying of the foreign commerce and the expansion of the bourgeois ideas and the moral. Thus, the called globalization is not a recent phenomenon. But then why it is said as much in globalization in the current days? The reply she is directly on to the fact that, from the last decade of century XX, occurs acentuao of the phenomena occurred in the previous centuries. The new technologies of communication and the electronics had shortened the geographic distances between the markets.

It is had, in this way, that: The capital is managed twenty and four hours per day in financial markets globally integrated, functioning in real time for the first time in history: commercial transactions in the value of billions of dollar are carried through in question of seconds, through electronic circuits spread by all the planet. (CASTELLS, 1999, P. 111) It is important also to point out that the globalization is not restricted only to the world-wide reorganization of the economy. Together with this characteristic, the globalization has implications in the field of the politics and the culture. Boaventura de Souza Saints (1997) of the one important definition of this concept controversial.