In the USSR, the teacher called the employee in charge of teaching and educating on the communist rules and fundamentals. In pre-revolutionary period, teachers were divided into "social classes", as well as society as a whole, and is determined by the position of their "tops" of power. People considered the lowest stage of the teacher as the next layer, whose education he was involved – farmers and workers. In this popular teacher enjoyed great respect and understanding of this layer. Due to the fact that the popular teacher to support the revolutionary option in the community and help them to promote, but also sought to influence the direction of work and relationships with students, Government tightens control over their activities, while school teachers enjoy their privileges.

The government sought to turn them into "my right arm" for their purposes. After the October Revolution the Soviet government and its policies have been supported by the teachers. The reform of public education teachers promised prerevolutionary democracy and open space activities. VI Lenin in 1918 demanded of teachers due to the promotion of the socialist mindset of the masses. After nearly 60 years, the number of teachers increased about 10 times, if by 1914 the number of teachers amounted to 280 000 people, then it becomes the next – 2700 thousand people.

Teachers have become one of the most powerful political "promoters" in their work they are actively spreading among the masses and political commitment ideas. The process of learning is also actively improved with socialist orientation. Compared with the pre-revolutionary period, when the ordinary teachers "kept a tight rein," the Soviet Government changes to the root of everything. Teachers are provided a variety of socially significant benefits, namely flat (for rural teachers), periodic wage increases every year given paid holidays (48 days), etc.